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About python : Cron-job-how-to-run-a-script-that-requires-to-open-display

Question Detail

I want to set up a cron job to run a python script, but it gives me this error:

RuntimeError: could not open display

This is because I import a module that requires me to open display (pylab, for example). Even though my script does not generates any pictures to display on the monitor.

Is there any way to let crontab run my jobs with display open (just as if I ssh -X into a machine)? I don’t actually need to generate any graphs to the monitor. I just need to import my modules correctly.

Question Answer

You will need a valid DISPLAY and XAUTHORITY to use X-Programms in Cron!

To set DISPLAY is very easy, type in the Bash:

export DISPLAY=”:0.0″

In order to get a valid XAUTHORITY you have to look for it.
Under Debian/Gnome/gdm3 they are saved in var/run/gdm3/*/database
I used the following script:

export DISPLAY=”:0.0″
[ -z $USER ] && USER=$( who | awk ‘{ print $1 }’ | sort | uniq >/tmp/test )
for I in /var/run/gdm3/*; do
AUTHUSER=”`echo $I | awk -F ‘-‘ ‘{ print $3 }’`”
for J in $USER; do
[ “${AUTHUSER}” = “${J}” ] || continue
USER=”$J”
export XAUTHORITY=”${I}/database” && break
done
done
sudo -u ${USER} /Path/to/xProgramm

The Var $USER can be empty, than the script looks for a valid user, otherwise you can tell the script the var!
……………………………………………………
You could also run your application in a framebuffer using xvfb or a similar tool:

or sudo apt-get install xvfb

Usage:

xvfb :1 -screen 0 800x600x8 & # WIDTHxHEIGHTxCOLORDEPTH
export DISPLAY=”:1″
java application_name.jar

or shorter:

xvfb-run -a -e /tmp/some/log/file.log /home/user/application.run

-a chooses a display number automatically, -e file specifies a logfile for error messages.

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