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About linux : Trying-to-import-a-CSV-file-into-a-database-in-Postgres-on-LinuxUbuntu-2004

Question Detail

Using the Linux command df -Ph > metric.csv to create this output:

Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           786M  2.2M  783M   1% /run'''

I login to postgres and CREATE TABLE:

CREATE TABLE metric(filesystem varchar,size varchar,used 
    varchar,available varchar,use varchar,mounted_on varchar, PRIMARY 

Next I’m using the COPY command to insert data into this table:

COPY metrics (filesystem,size,used,available,use,mounted_on) FROM '/data/metric.csv' CSV HEADER DELIMITER ',';

I’m getting the following error:

ERROR:  missing data for column "size"
CONTEXT:  COPY metrics, line 2: "udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev"

I’d appreciate any help or advice as to how to correct this so I can insert my data into the database.

Question Answer

You may want to try this:

df -Ph | awk 'BEGIN{OFS=","}NR>1{$1=$1; print}' > metric.csv 

As I mentioned in the comment above, your csv file isn’t a csv.
The awk command gets rid of the “header” (which I assume you don’t want ingested in the table) and replaces the spaces with commas.

A few explanatory words regarding the awk – statement.

In the BEGIN{} section processing takes place before awk actually tackles any input. What we tell awk here to use , as the output field separator (OFS). By default awk uses any number of consecutive whitespace.

NR>1 tells awk to skip the first line (NR == number of record), thus omitting the header.

{$1=$1;print} – the assigning of the first field to itself is unfortunately necessary for awk to process the line; the print just does exactly what you think it does.

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