• Uncategorized

About device : Getting-live-info-from-devinput

Question Detail

I am unsure if this is the correct place for this question. I am attempting to obtain the axis position values from a joystick /dev/input/js0 on my system. If I run jstest /dev/input/js0 it will give me live feedback on all buttons and axis positions.

I am trying to feed this information into my C program to control servos. Is there a function for doing this? I have not worked much with input devices in programming so this is all new to me.

Question Answer

You can run this python code to read events.
You can also use a high level module python-evdev.

#!/usr/bin/env python

import struct

infile_path = "/dev/input/js0"
EVENT_SIZE = struct.calcsize("llHHI")
file = open(infile_path, "rb")
event = file.read(EVENT_SIZE)
while event:
    print(struct.unpack("llHHI", event))
    (tv_sec, tv_usec, type, code, value) = struct.unpack("llHHI", event)
    event = file.read(EVENT_SIZE)

Sample output:

(73324490, 8454144, 55242, 1118, 25231360)
(73324490, 42008576, 55242, 1118, 58785792)
(73324490, 75563008, 55242, 1118, 92340224)
(73324490, 109117440, 55242, 1118, 125894656)
(73324490, 142671872, 55242, 1118, 159449088)
(73324490, 176226304, 55242, 1118, 193003520)
(73324490, 209780736, 55242, 1118, 226557952)
(73324490, 243335168, 55242, 1118, 8519680)
(73324490, 25296896, 55242, 1118, 42074112)
(73324490, 58884097, 55242, 1118, 75661313)
(73324490, 92405760, 55242, 1118, 109215745)
(73324490, 125992961, 55242, 1118, 142737408)
(73324490, 159514624, 55242, 1118, 176324609)
(73327790, 84041474, 58542, 1118, 84049919)
(73328030, 84044852, 58782, 1118, 84017152)
(73331790, 33749013, 62542, 1118, 33742256)
(73331790, 33736851, 62562, 1118, 33731108)
(73331830, 33723339, 62602, 1118, 33718273)
(73332090, 33723339, 62862, 1118, 33685504)

Building on the post from kev

From the linux/joystick.h file:

struct js_event {
    __u32 time;     /* event timestamp in milliseconds */
    __s16 value;    /* value */
    __u8 type;      /* event type */
    __u8 number;    /* axis/button number */
};

So the python format should be:”LhBB”

infile_path = "/dev/input/js0"
EVENT_SIZE = struct.calcsize("LhBB")
file = open(infile_path, "rb")
event = file.read(EVENT_SIZE)
while event:
    print(struct.unpack("LhBB", event))
    (tv_msec,  value, type, number) = struct.unpack("LhBB", event)
    event = file.read(EVENT_SIZE)

sample output from XBOX One S controller:

// type=button, number=button number
//msec, value, type, number
(2114530, 1, 1, 0) // A pressed
(2114670, 0, 1, 0) // A released
(2116490, 1, 1, 1) // B pressed
(2116620, 0, 1, 1) // B released
(2117370, 1, 1, 2) // X pressed
(2117520, 0, 1, 2) // X released
(2118220, 1, 1, 3) // Y pressed
(2118360, 0, 1, 3) // Y released

This page: http://scaryreasoner.wordpress.com/2008/02/22/programming-joysticks-with-linux/ has a nice writeup on how to read the info from /dev/input/js0

The format of the events you read from the file are documented here: https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/input/input.txt . It’s a simple struct containing a timestamp, the event type and identifier and the value:

struct input_event {
    struct timeval time;
    unsigned short type;
    unsigned short code;
    unsigned int value;
};

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.