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About c++ : Converting-stdcxx11string-to-stdstring

Question Detail

I use c++11, but also some libraries that are not configured for it, and need some type conversion. In particular I need a way to convert std::__cxx11::string to regular std::string, but googling I can’t find a way to do this and putting (string) in front does not work.

If I do not convert I get linker errors like this:

undefined reference to `H5::CompType::insertMember(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> > const&, unsigned long, H5::DataType const&) const'

Question Answer

Is it possible that you are using GCC 5?

If you get linker errors about undefined references to symbols that involve types in the std::__cxx11 namespace or the tag [abi:cxx11] then it probably indicates that you are trying to link together object files that were compiled with different values for the _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI macro. This commonly happens when linking to a third-party library that was compiled with an older version of GCC. If the third-party library cannot be rebuilt with the new ABI then you will need to recompile your code with the old ABI.

Source: GCC 5 Release Notes/Dual ABI

Defining the following macro before including any standard library headers should fix your problem: #define _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI 0

If you can recompile all incompatible libs you use, do it with compiler option


and then rebuild your project. If you can’t do so, add to your project’s makefile compiler option


The define

#define _GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI 0/1

is also good but you probably need to add it to all your files while compiler option do it for all files at once.

When I had similar issue it’s happened because my lib was build using clang++, and it’s linked to libstdc++.so by default on my system. While app binary was build using clang and linked with -lc++ option.

Easiest way to check dependencies is to perform ldd libName.so

To fix it you should use the same library on in app and library.

  • Easiest way. Build library using clang++ and compile app using clang++. Without extra linking options on both steps. Default stdlib will be used.

  • Build library with -stdlib=c++ and compile app with -lc++. In this case both library and app will use libc++.so.

  • Build library without extra options and link binary to -lstdc++. In this case both library and app will use libstdc++.so.

Answers here mostly focus on short way to fix it, but if that does not help, I’ll give some steps to check, that helped me (Linux only):

  • If the linker errors happen when linking other libraries, build those libs with debug symbols (“-g” GCC flag)
  • List the symbols in the library and grep the symbols that linker complains about (enter the commands in command line):

    nm lib_your_problem_library.a | grep functionNameLinkerComplainsAbout

  • If you got the method signature, proceed to the next step, if you got no symbols instead, mostlikely you stripped off all the symbols from the library and that is why linker can’t find them when linking the library. Rebuild the library without stripping ALL the symbols, you can strip debug (strip -S option) symbols if you need.

  • Use a c++ demangler to understand the method signature, for example, this one

  • Compare the method signature in the library that you just got with the one you are using in code (check header file as well), if they are different, use the proper header or the proper library or whatever other way you now know to fix it

I got this, the only way I found to fix this was to update all of mingw-64 (I did this using pacman on msys2 for your information).

For me -D_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=0 didn’t help.

It works after I linked to C++ libs version instead of gnustl.

I had a similar issue recently while trying to link with the pre-built binaries of hdf5 version 1.10.5 on Ubuntu 16.04. None of the solutions suggested here worked for me, and I was using g++ version 9.1. I found that the best solution is to build the hdf5 library from source. Do not use the pre-built binaries since these were built using gcc 4.9! Instead, download the source code archives from the hdf website for your particular distribution and build the library. It is very easy.

You will also need the compression libraries zlib and szip from here and here, respectively, if you do not already have them on your system.

In my case, I was having a similar problem:

/usr/bin/ld: Bank.cpp:(.text+0x19c): undefined reference to 'Account::SetBank(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >)' collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

After some researches, I realized that the problem was being generated by the way that Visual Studio Code was compiling the Bank.cpp file. So, to solve that, I just prompted the follow command in order to compile the c++ file sucessful:

g++ Bank.cpp Account.cpp -o Bank

With the command above, It was able to linkage correctly the Header, Implementations and Main c++ files.

OBS: My g++ version: 9.3.0 on Ubuntu 20.04

I’ve encountered similar problems

It turns out my project was using gcc 7 and g++ 9 and tried to link together object files compiled by those two and it all messed up.

Make sure you use the same compiler versions in all your project.

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